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Migrant crossing along southern border


Migration, country by country, at the U.S.-Mexico border

The number of illegal border crossings along the U.S.-Mexico border
Has plummeted to the lowest level in June since the start of the Biden administration due to stricter asylum rules.

Monthly encounters between U.S. Border Patrol agents and migrants attempting to cross into the United States at the U.S.-Mexico
Border remain at levels not seen in more than two decades,
According to the latest available government statistics. The recent influx of migrants at the southwestern border,
Has been a key topic of discussion this week in meetings between U.S.
President Joe Biden and his Mexican counterpart, Andrés Manuel López Obrador.
The number of monthly migrant encounters had fallen to 16,182 – the second-lowest total in more than 20 years – in April 2020, shortly after the coronavirus outbreak forced the closure of the southwestern border and slowed migration across much of the world.
But encounters with migrants at the U.S.-Mexico border have soared since then, with 206,239 reported in November 2022, according to the latest available monthly data from U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), the federal agency that encompasses the Border Patrol.
Recent monthly totals far exceed the peak reached during the last major wave of migration
For the first time in history,
Customs and Border Protection (CBP) during FY 2022 than migrants from El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras. The year also saw significant arrivals of Brazilians, Ecuadorians, Haitians, and from countries further afield, including Ukraine, India, and Turkey.
Failing to understand the complex story behind these trends not only stymies the development and implementation of policies to better manage chaotic migration flows, but also misses the opportunity to inform the creation of regional relationships and policies that can address the new and shared realities of large-scale migration that increasingly begins much further south than Mexico or Northern Central America.

U.S. - Mexico border