Humanitarian aid in conflict
For many of the criminal grounds of removal under INA § 237
[8 U.S.C.A. § 1127],
A conviction is necessary before an alien can be deported Therefore,
One of the primary goals of counsel in representing an alien facing removal based on a criminal offense should be to avoid a conviction for immigration purposes as defined under INA § 101(a)(48)
[8 U.S.C.A. § 1101(a)(48)].
Post-conviction relief is divided into statutory grounds and common law writs and include pardons,
Motion to withdraw guilty plea,
Motion for a new trial,
Motion to modify sentence,
Writ of coram nobis,
Writ of audita querela and habeas corpus.